PRIME AREAS OF LEARNING
AND ASSOCIATED EARLY LEARNING GOALS
1. COMMUNICATION AND LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
This involves giving children opportunities to speak and listen in a range of situations and to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves.
ELG 01 Listening and attention:
• Children listen attentively in a range of situations.
• They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions.
• They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.
ELG 02 Understanding:
• Children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.
• They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.
ELG 03 Speaking:
• Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs.
• They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future.
• They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.
2. PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
This involves providing opportunities for children to be active and interactive, and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.
ELG 04 Moving and handling:
• Children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements.
• They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space.
• They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.
ELG 05 Health and self-care:
• Children know the importance for good health of physical exercise, and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe.
• They manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.
3. PERSONAL, SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
This involves helping children to:
• develop a positive sense of themselves and others
• form positive relationships and develop respect for others
• develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings
• understand appropriate behaviour in groups
• have confidence in their own abilities
ELG 06 Self-confidence and self-awareness:
• Children are confident about trying new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others.
• They are confident speaking in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities.
• They say when they do or don’t need help.
ELG 07 Managing feelings and behaviour:
• Children talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable.
• They work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow the rules. • They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.
ELG 08 Making relationships:
• Children play co-operatively, taking turns with others.
• They take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise their activity.
• They show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children.