SPECIFIC AREAS OF LEARNING
AND ASSOCIATED EARLY LEARNING GOALS
This involves encouraging children to read and write, both through listening to others reading, and being encouraged to begin to read and write themselves. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials such as books, poems, and other written materials to ignite their interest.
ELG 09 Reading:
• Children read and understand simple sentences.
• They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately.
• They also read some common irregular words.
• They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.
ELG 10 Writing:
• Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds.
• They also write some irregular common words.
• They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.
This involves providing children with opportunities to:
• practise and improve their skills in counting numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems
• describe shapes, spaces, and measures
ELG 11 Numbers:
• Children count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number.
• Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract 2 single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer.
• They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.
ELG 12 Shape, space and measures:
• Children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems.
• They recognise, create and describe patterns.
• They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.
3. UNDERSTANDING OF THE WORLD
This involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
ELG 13 People and communities:
• Children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members.
• They know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this.
• They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.
ELG 14 The world:
• Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.
• They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.
• They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.
ELG 15 Technology:
• Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools.
• They select and use technology for particular purposes.
4. EXPRESSIVE ARTS AND DESIGN
This involves supporting children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials. It involves providing children with opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role play, and design and technology.
ELG 16 Exploring and using media and materials:
• Children sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them.
• They safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.
ELG 17 Being imaginative:
• Children use what they have learnt about media and materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes.
• They represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role-play and stories.